Aerial view of the Kampanopetra Basilica ruins of ancient Salamis.
Salamis is an ancient Greek city-state on the east coast of Cyprus.
Since the ancient history Salamis served as an essential trade hub in the transportation network of the Mediterranean and the Near East.
In the Greek, Roman and Byzantine periods , the “cultural centre” of Salamis during the Roman period was situated at the northernmost part of the city, where a gymnasium, theatre, amphitheatre, stadium and public baths have been revealed.
Cultural and trade hub at Salamis gained its historical significance in the Early Christian period, when during the “First Missionary Journey”, Paul the Apostle and the Cypriot-born Barnabas made Salamis their first destination.