Herodian structure of the Tomb of Patriarchs at Hebron.
The Cave of the Patriarchs or Tomb of the Patriarchs, known to Jews as the Cave of Machpelah – “cave of the double tombs” or “cave of the double caves”, and to Muslims as the Sanctuary of Abraham- is a series of caves located in the heart of the old city of Hebron, in the southern West Bank.
According to the Abrahamic religions, the cave and adjoining field were purchased by Abraham as a burial plot.
Over the cave stands a large rectangular enclosure dating from the Herodian era. Byzantine Christians took it over and built a Basilica which after the Muslim conquest was converted into the Ibrahimi Mosque.
The site is considered by Jews to be the second holiest place in the world, after the Temple Mount.