Aerial view of hills, roads, trails and ridges at the Mount Hermon Nature Reserve, the most northern part of Golan Heights and Israel.
Mount Hermon is a mountain cluster at the end of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range. Its summit is the natural border between Syria, Lebanon and Israel.
The southern slopes of Mount Hermon extend to the Israeli portion of the Golan Heights, where the Mount Hermon Ski Resort is established with a top elevation of 2,040 metres (6,690 ft).
A peak in this area rising to 2,236 m (7,336 ft) is the highest elevation in Israel.
The springs, and the mountain itself, are the high strategic value for the nations of the area, due to the importance of the water resources in the region.
Mount Hermon is also called “the eyes of the nation” because its elevation makes it Israel’s primary strategic early warning system.
Mount Hermon’s name is related to the Semitic root herem, which means “taboo” or “consecrated”, and the Arabic term al-haram, which means “sacred enclosure”.
Hebrew Bible and apocrypha:
Book of Enoch, Mount Hermon is the place where the Watcher class of fallen angels descended to Earth. (Enoch 6).
Psalm 133, one of the Songs of Ascents, makes specific reference to the abundant dew formation on Mt. Hermon.
Mount Hermon was a possible location of the Transfiguration of Jesus.