Cappadocia is most famous for its unique geological features called fairy chimneys. The large, cone-like formations were created over time by erosion of the relatively soft volcanic ash around them.
Wind and water went to work on this plateau, leaving only its harder elements behind to form a fairy tale landscape of cones, pillars, pinnacles, mushrooms, and chimneys, which stretch as far as 40 meters into the sky. But human hands performed equally incredible works here.
Past cultures have dug into them to create dwellings, castles and even entire underground cities like which were used as hiding places by early Christians.