Aerial view of Ancient Amphitheater, Lower Agora and the Marble street of Ephesus.
Ephesus which was established as a port, was used to be the most important commercial centre. It played a great role in the ancient times with its strategic location. Once, the trade centre of the ancient world, religious and cultural centre of the early Christianity and today.
Ancient Ephesus (Efes) – an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia, three kilometres southwest of present-day Selçuk in İzmir Province, Turkey
The city was famed for the nearby Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BC), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Among many other monumental buildings are the Library of Celsus, and a theatre capable of holding 25,000 spectators.
Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia that are cited in the Book of Revelation. The Gospel of John may have been written here.
The city was the site of several 5th-century Christian Councils.
Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine and, finally, Ottoman—ruled over the city of Ephesus.
No matter how many times it changed hands, the city remained one of the most vibrant metropolises of the ancient world.
Today Ephesus in the UNESCO World Heritage List.